Agriculture has been the mainstay of the Indian civilization for well over 5000 years.
Agriculture as a science has been developed and practiced in India right from the Vedic days onwards.
British records on yield:
The yield per hectare mentioned in the medieval period of India as per British records is very interesting to note. The average yield across India both for Rice and wheat seems to have been around 16-18 tonnes per hectare. This high yield is yet to be reached by us today with all our modern farming techniques.
There are at least 4 lakh varieties of Rice mentioned in the Veda. It is interesting to note that today we have only 2 lakh varieties of listed rice varieties with us.
This capsule looks at, as to how it was possible for the ancient and medieval Indians to procure such high yields from their land using native farming techniques.
How and Why? – High yield.
Once we understand as to how to they were able to get high agricultural yields without using costly fertilizers and pesticides, then it would be worth the effort to replicate the agricultural production methods of ancient India so that we can once again get high yields from our land which in turn can lead us to a prosperous India.
Many of the fruits, vegetables, cereals have their origin in India. In this capsule we try to trace the veracity of these claims with authentic data.
Essential and natural agriculture:
How much so ever a civilization may progress in technologies, agriculture is a basic need to sustain life. That is the importance we need to understand and give to agriculture.