In this subject capsule a conscious effort is made to de-mystify the Veda and look at them for what they are.
How, where and why were they compiled?
Krishna Dwaipayana, better known as Veda Vyasa compiled the four Veda around 3100 BCE. The term Veda Vyasa implies compiler of knowledge. Prior to this Veda Vyasa there has been 27 other Veda Vyasa. Why did these 28 compilers compile this knowledge? Why this number 28?
A detailed study of both the Veda and the Purana bring to show us over 20 significant differences between the two, which goes to emphasise that the Purana, while they are historical texts composed over a period of 3000 years, the Veda were scientific texts compiled many 1000 years prior to the Purana.
We have four Veda of which the Rig Veda is the oldest. The Rig Veda is the oldest. The other 3 Veda, Sama, Yajur and Atharvana take most of their verse - Samhita from the Rig Veda. The Rig Veda Samhita is divided into 10 Mandalaor chapters. Each mandalawas compiled over generations, centuries by the descendants of a Rishikula - lineage of seers. Each Sukta- paragraph gives details of Rishiwho compiled that particular Samhita.
The Veda text does not speak about the Gods in the way we relate to them now. They speak about the divinities only as a natural phenomena.
The knowledge in the Veda can be understood at 3 levels depending upon the person and the need of time.
In the last couple of 1000 years, various scholars have understood and relished the Veda more from a religious perspective. There is also a very scientific way of looking at the Veda without the connotation of the religious Gods.
A few scientists who have had a good fortune of going through the Veda have realized this. One classic case is that of Professor J Robert Oppenheimer who is considered to be father of American Nuclear Bomb has said "access to the Veda is the greatest privilege this century may claim over all previous centuries."
The Veda is not an encrypted text like the book of Nostradamus which was encrypted purposely. The Veda are clear text written in the language and metaphor of those times when it was composed and compiled. We need to understand this knowledge base of a bygone civilisation and use the knowledge they have passed on to us for our further scientific research.
The Veda was compiled on the banks of the Saraswathi River as this river is mentioned in 72 different places in the Veda. Obviously it is a literature of a civilization living on this river basin. They had compiled this knowledge which they then deemed important enough to be passed on for the future so that the same can be used scientifically.